An endoscopy is a procedure in which your doctor uses specialized instruments to view the internal organs of your body. It allows gastroenterologist to see problems within your body through mouth.
A surgeon inserts an endoscope through mouth. An endoscope is a flexible tube with an attached camera that allows your doctor to see. Your doctor can use forceps and remove tissue for biopsy.
Endoscopy allows your doctor to visually examine an organ without having to make a large incision. A screen in the operating room lets the doctor see exactly what the endoscope sees.
Your doctor will give you complete instructions on how to prepare. Most types of endoscopy require you to stop eating solid foods for up to 12 hours before the procedure. Some types of clear liquids, such as water, might be allowed for up to two hours before the procedure. Your doctor will clarify this with you.
Prior to the endoscopy, your doctor will do a physical examination and go over your complete medical history, including any prior surgeries.
Be sure to tell your doctor about any medications you’re taking, including over-the-counter drugs and nutritional supplements. Also alert your doctor about any allergies you might have. You may need to stop taking certain medications if they might affect bleeding, especially anticoagulant or antiplatelet drugs.
You may want to plan for someone else to drive you home after the procedure because you might not feel well from the anesthesia.